dating english silver hallmarks

Establish that it has one of single stammtisch worms the.
This set of marks tells us that this piece was made of Sterling, in the city of London, in the year 1789, during the reign of King George III, by the silversmith Thomas Wallis.
Click on the letter you want to date or on a date letter cycle (column) in the table below to see a larger view (scroll down for earlier dates The London Assay Office is administered by the London Goldsmiths' Company.The second mark was used from 1906.Anchor for Birmingham, leopard's head for London, etc.).Note whether it has a sovereign's head.In 1544 the leopard's head mark was adopted as the mark of the London Assay Office.Town marks for imported silver have differed from the normal marks since 1904.Identify the, maker's Mark, they are listed by city and in alphabetical order by the first initial).Click here for a comparison of British Silverplate Marks to British Sterling Hallmarks.A typical set of antique British silver hallmarks showing (left to right andard Mark, ty Mark,.Date Letter,.Duty Mark and ker's Mark.The prime purpose of these marks is to show that the metal of the item upon which they are stamped is of a certain level of purity.This is the origin of the term "hallmark".Having identified the city mark, click on the link to its date chart and find your.The metal is tested and marked at special offices, regulated by the government, known as assay offices.Hallmarks on British Irish Silver.It has been in operation since the 1300s when a law of Edward I required all silver sold in England to be of at least the same quality as the silver currency (hence the term "sterling" for the silver standard).The date letters were changed on the day that the Goldsmith's Guild wardens were elected, originally St Dunstan's Day (19 May) until the Restoration (1660) and 29 May thereafter.Note, british hallmarks come in sets, the rule of thumb is, if you do not have a complete set including: Standard mark, city mark, date letter and maker's mark a duty mark if, the item is either from another country or a piece of silverplate.By 1478 it was deemed more practical for items to be brought to Goldsmiths Hall for assay and a permanent assay office was established there.
If items passed they were authenticated with the King's mark, a leopard's head.